Everything You Need to Know About Cannabis Terpenes

Everything You Need to Know About Cannabis Terpenes

In the United States, medical marijuana has gained popularity as an effective, natural medicine in the past decade. Currently, 33 states have legalized it. You can access state-licensed dispensaries by getting a medical cannabis card in San Francisco.

For managing your symptoms, you should choose strains with appropriate levels of THC & CBD. And, to make the right decision, it’s important to understand what’s inside the plant, including cannabinoids and terpenes. Terpenes decide the sense of smell and taste. These compounds also play a role in cannabis effects on the body. Let’s discuss more about terpenes.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes provide marijuana with different flavors, such as citrus, berry, mint, etc. Medical experts believe that these compounds may play a role in differentiating different strains. 

In the marijuana plant, there are about 100 terpenes & every strain has a different composition of terpenes. Some terpenes may provide stress-relief and relaxing effects while others are perfect for promoting focus. For instance, Myrcene, found in Blue Dream, provides amazing anti-inflammatory and sedative effects.

How do Terpenes Work?

In female cannabis plants, trichomes grow on the flowers, and they look like tiny hair. These trichomes contain CBD, THC, and terpenes. These chemical compounds have amazing medicinal benefits.

Various factors affect the quality of terpenes, such as humidity, temperature, and light. So, it’s important to maintain appropriate environmental conditions while growing cannabis. While growing and storing cannabis, you should carefully handle the flowers, ensuring the trichomes don’t damage.

Medical experts believe that terpenes bind directly to the brain cells, thus regulating different bodily functions. Most terpenes have therapeutic properties, and they work with cannabinoids to deliver the “entourage effect.”

According to a 2011 research published in the British Journal of Pharmacology, cannabinoids & terpenes can work together to accelerate the effectiveness of each other.

CBD and terpenes can affect the functioning of THC and other chemicals that interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. Other factors that influence the entourage effect are—levels of THC & CBD and delivery method.

So, manufacturers are focusing on using different combinations of terpenes and cannabinoids to target certain medical benefits.

Why Are Terpenes Important?

There are many reasons.

For individuals who use cannabis for medical purposes, such as anxiety, depression, sleep, etc., it’s important to understand how the herb works in the body. So, by selecting the right strains with terpenes and cannabinoids, they can alleviate their symptoms completely.

Also Read- How Can Marijuana Help in Managing Anxiety Symptoms?

Terpenes can affect the high, taste, and smell of cannabis products. So, recreational growers have also started considering these compounds.

Common Terpenes & Their Medical Benefits

Different terpenes offer different health benefits. Here are some of the most common ones-

Myrcene

Potential therapeutic benefits of myrcene are pain and inflammation relief, antioxidant, and managing insomnia. Because it delivers sedative effects, it’s also known as a couch-lock terpene. A recent study found that Myrcene can help in managing osteoarthritis

Strains that contain Myrcene are—Blue Dream, Cherry Pie, OG Kush, and Granddaddy Purple. This terpene is also available in thyme, mango, and lemongrass.

Pinene

It’s found in pine needles, basil, sage, etc. Pinene is responsible for delivering piney aroma. There are two forms of Pinene—Alpha-Pinene and Beta-Pinene. Research says that Alpha-Pinene helps treat and prevent neurological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease. Other health benefits include—anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and antimicrobial.

Also Read- Complete Guide to Use Cannabis For Alzheimer’s Disease

This terpene has anti-inflammatory properties and can help in improving airflow to the lungs. It’s also effective in boosting energy, memory, and mental function. However, it’s sometimes used for counteracting the short-term memory loss associated with THC.

Limonene

Limonene is found in citrus fruits and peppermint. Since it has a fresh scent, the terpene is also used in various cleaning products.

This terpene can help in boosting mood, reducing stress, and increasing energy levels, thus many use it as an antidepressant. It also provides amazing antifungal and antibacterial effects. Research says that this terpene can help prevent the spread of cancer and promote the death of cancer cells.

Limonene is often used in topicals such as ointments & creams for increasing the absorption rate of other terpenes.

Terpinolene

Terpinolene is found in rosemary and sage and has woody fragrance. This terpene has ultimate anti-inflammatory and sedative properties.

Some strains containing Terpinolene are—XJ-13, Jack Herer, Chernobyl, and Ghost Train Haze. 

Humulene

Humulene has an herbal aroma and delivers anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. It’s one of the most abundant terpenes in Death Star, Headband, The Mint GSC, Original Glue, and Candyland. Its boiling point is 222.8 degrees F.

A study published in 2016, Humulene may help in terminating cancer cells when combined with cannabinoids and other terpenes.

Linalool

Linalool is beneficial in easing anxiety, inflammation, and boosting sleep. For liver cancer patients, it can help reduce lung inflammation and improve the immune system. Research says that this terpene can help alleviate symptoms of epilepsy and seizures.

The terpene is found in lavender, cinnamon, coriander, and mint. Due to the pleasant aroma, it’s often used in soaps. Its boiling point is 388.4 degrees F.

Ocimene

Ocimene delivers sweet and herbaceous flavors and various medicinal effects, such as anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antifungal. This terpene is available in Clementine, Amnesia, and Dutch Treat. It vaporizes at 122 degrees F.

Medical researchers have found that ocimene may help in managing symptoms of diabetes. Its anti-oxidative properties can help inhibit key enzymes associated with type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure.

Borneol

Borneol has a woody aroma and provides anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Haze strains such as K13 contain high amounts of this terpene. It’s also used in some insect repellants.

Medical researchers have found that diluted thyme Borneol is effective in relieving muscle pain and aching joints. Moreover, it’s effective in fighting stress and fatigue, thus leaving the users in a relaxed state.

Beta-caryophyllene

It’s known as an amazing anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and pain reliever. Beta-caryophyllene can help patients with psychological conditions such as anxiety and depression. This terpene is available in black pepper, cinnamon leaves, basil, and leafy greens.

Getting Legal Access to Medical Marijuana

To get the desired health benefits, you should choose marijuana strains with the right cannabinoids and terpenes. And, to buy cannabis products legally, you need a medical cannabis card in San Francisco. You can visit the doctor’s clinic to get your card. However, with telemedicine, you can apply for your 420 evaluations from home. Just fill a simple form and talk to a doctor online. Here’s the complete process-

  • Sign up an account
  • See a doctor online through HIPAA-compliant software
  • Receive your MMJ recs in PDF via email

Final Words

Terpenes are organic compounds in marijuana plants. They provide cannabis with taste and flavor, such as citrus, mint, berry, etc. Research says that they may have therapeutic properties, and may play a role in influencing the effects of cannabinoids on the body’s endocannabinoid system. 

However, there are about 100 terpenes, which provide different effects. Some terpenes relieve pain and inflammation while others offer sedative effects and anxiety relief. So, based on the medical benefits you are looking for, you need to select strains with the right chemical compounds and terpenes.

Talk to a licensed doctor to get your medical cannabis card in San Francisco.

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